Marina Costa Lobo (PhD in Politics, Oxford University 2005, Habilitation in Politics, University of Lisbon 2011) is Principal Researcher at the Institute of Social Sciences of the University of Lisbon (ICS-UL) and vice-director of Instituto de Políticas Públicas (IPP). She is director of the Observatory of the Quality of Democracy at ICS-UL. Currently, she is Principal Investigator for the ERC Consolidator Project “MAPLE”, which researches the politicisation of Europe before and after the Eurozone crisis. She was one of the founding directors of the Portuguese Election Studies. Her research interests include the role of leaders in electoral behaviour, economic voting, political parties and institutions. She has published extensively on these topics in journals and books. Her latest book was co-edited with John Curtice and is entitled: Personality Politics: Leaders and Democratic Elections, Oxford University Press (2015).